The Four Huge Mistakes Almost Everyone Makes When They Try to Cope with Anxiety

We all feel anxious time to time. Some of these common situations are exams, job interviews, financial problems, relationships, conflicts, etc. We feel under pressure when an anxiety-producing event forces us to make some adjustments to adapt to the new situation. We feel anxious and after our appropriate response, pressure subsides and we feel better.

Anxiety is necessary for survival because it acts as a warning signal to alert us to do something to protect our integrity. When anxiety appears you can use relaxation, meditation and positive thinking to feel better.

However, when the anxiety has become a chronic condition none of these strategies could help you cope with it effectively. They may help you feel a bit better but after a while the anxiety would kick in again.

What turns anxiety into major a problem?

What turns your ANXIETY into a major problem has little to do with your genetics, personality or the serotonin activity in your brain.

The key factor is what you do when you feel anxious!

So, here there are the four huge mistakes that almost everyone males when they try to stop their anxiety:

  1. Avoiding social situations
  2. Asking others to keep you company
  3. Trying to control your bodily reactions
  4. Talkig about anxiety

Let’s look at them one by one.

Avoidance makes you fell immediately good because it gives a feeling of relief. After all, you avoided a anxiety producing situation and didn’t have to deal with the symptoms. However, when you avoid, you weaken your resources because you give a very negative message to yourself: “I’m not able to handle this situation!”

Asking for help from family and friends feels good too because you get reassured that in case you felt anxious, there will be someone to rescue you. Although this may seem something positive, however, just like avoidance bears with it a negative message. When people help you out by keeping you company the message you receive is “I help you because you are not able to handle this situation on your own!”

Trying to control your bodily reactions is another huge mistakes. Many therapeutic techniques try to teach you how to control your physiological symptoms. They teach you how to relax, deep breathe and challenge your irrational thoughts in order to gain control. However, the reason that this strategy doesn’t work either is because anxiety reaction happens in a fraction of second by a surge of powerful hormones. The more you try to force yourself to calm down, the more you lose control.

Talking about your anxiety may feel good at first but afterward makes you feel frustrated because you repeat yourself. Be honest! After so many years of saying the same thing, do you have anything new to tell people about your condition? People listen to you because they love you as friends and relatives. This is the positive side of it. However, here too,  when they patiently listen to you, they will send you a negative message. The nasty massage you recive from them is: “you need me to listen to you because on your own you are unable to face your problem.

Therefore the main reason that you haven’t been able to banish your anxiety is because of these four common sense strategies. They seem totally logical but have negative effects on you.

 

Symptom Removal Vs. Psychodynamic Therapy

The field of psychotherapy offers a plethora of different and often opposing approaches. Hundreds of diverse schools of thoughts with their own techniques claim to have the solution to human suffering.

This fragmented and chaotic field appears to offer a vast selection of therapeutic approaches to choose from. However, when you observe them carefully, you realize that there are only two major categories, namely Symptom-Oriented Therapies and Psychodynamic Therapies. All schools of therapies fall under these two big umbrellas.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

The most well known school of therapy belonging to the first category is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT). This approach overshadows the others mainly because it is dominant in the university setting, and also CBT-oriented research projects receive more funding. For these reasons, most professionals in the filed of clinical psychology receive their training in CBT or a modern version of it such as Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT).

The main goal of CBT, whether in its classical form or its modern versions, is to reduce the symptoms. CBT therapists use techniques to help their clients gain control over their symptom. For example if you were afraid of flying, they would teach you how to control your physical reactions using relaxation techniques. They would also challenge your beliefs and irrational thinking that flying is dangerous, and teach you a technique to cancel your negative self-talk.

Psychodynamic Therapy

On the opposite side, you find Psychodynamic Therapies. The representative of this stream of thought is Psychoanalysis. This approach seeks ways to help the person to gain an insight into their core identity and unconscious desires. Psychoanalysts believe that you need to address the underlying causes of your problem before you can get rid of your problematic symptom. If the clients gain a deep understanding about themselves, they could overcome the symptom.

The chief goal of dynamic therapy is to gain insight first. This is accomplished through a long process of analyzing the unconscious defense mechanisms rooted in the first childhood experiences and exploring one’s neurotic traits and the relationships with one’s parents.

For example, if you sought their help for the fear of flying, they would investigate your past, seeking the root causes of your problem. They would ask you about childhood memories, your relationship with your parents, your fear of death, and other aspects of your core self.

To summarize, if the symptom-oriented therapists see the observable irrational fear as the problem, the unconscious-oriented therapists consider the underlying causes that are below your conscious awareness as the problem. I must also admit that in the past few decades the gap between these two opposing streams of thought has become less wide.

Which Approach is Better?

It is tempting to simplify a complex field such as psychotherapy. Nowadays, most therapists are eclectic and use a combination of approaches. So maybe this is not a good question to ask. A better question is: which therapist is most competent?

When you want to assess the effectiveness of a school of therapy, you must keep an important detail in mind. A therapeutic approach, including all its techniques, is like a toolbox. Simply owning a set of tools does not guarantee that you are a competent craftsman. Craftsmanship requires not only the most sophisticated state of the art tools but also the skills to use them. Thus, you can find exceptional therapists in either category.

As we said, the competency of a therapist is the key to make or break the effectiveness of a specific approach. Next to this ability comes the usefulness of the tools. Therefore, when you look for a therapist, you are better off focusing on their competency as a professional rather on their school of therapy.

I Feel Anxious When My Sister Insults Me

A young woman (let’s call her Katie) in her early forties sought my help for anxiety. After explaining in detail her problem, Katie told me that her major source of anxiety was her relationship with her sister. For the last several years, her older sister didn’t respect her and whenever she had a chance she insulted her. No matter what Katie did, her sister would belittle her with negative comments. As a result, Katie would go home and cry.

Katie had done everything to stop her sister’s negative behaviour. She had remained silent and tried to ignore her sister insulting her. At times she would argue with her defending herself that her older sister didn’t have the right to speak with her with disrespect. At some occasions, contrary to her character, Katie even had fought back by shouting and insulting. However, none of these strategies worked for Katie to stop her older sister’s verbal abuse.

As I talked to Katie I found out that she used to go to her mother’s coffee shop every day. Later in the afternoon her three children would also go to the coffee shop to see their grandmother and their aunt (Katie’s older sister) and have some snacks. Two details draw my attention. First of all Katie’s mother didn’t let her pay for her coffee and for children’s snacks. Secondly, the coffee shop was co-owned by Katie’s older sister.  These two important details gave me the information about how to stop her older sister’s verbal abuse.

I asked Katie to add up the costs of her coffees and her kids’ snacks for one month. She realized that it was an important sum of money. I told her that she could go to visit her mom as usual for coffee and chatting. She could also let her children drop by for snacks. However, from now on, she should pay for her coffees and the snacks. If her mom said that she was part of the family and didn’t have to pay, Katie had insist saying that she would not have coffee nor let her children have snacks unless she paid for them. When her mother saw that Katie was determined, accepted to get paid.

That day Katie’s older sister was not in the coffee shop. However, her mother must have told her the news because the next day Katie’s older sister stopped her verbal abuse. Katie told me that she was amazed because it was like magic. Without saying a word about the rude behaviour of her older sister or confronting her in any way, she stopped insulting Katie. This was a major breakthrough for Katie’s anxiety. We dedicated three more sessions to address other sources of anxiety in her life.

 

Wu Wei: Let It Flow

water
For some people life seems tought! No matter how much they struggle, they cannot reach their goal. If you can relate to this, maybe you are trying too hard!
 
Wu Wei is the art of letting your life flow without excessive effort. It means being flexible enough to adapt yourself to ever-changing circumastances. Like a flexible tree branch that bends under the weight of the snow and remains intact.

Wu Wei is one of core principles of Taoism. Lao Tse repeatedly mentions it throughout his well-known Tao Te Ching. Wu Wei means “non-doing”, however, despite this literal translation, it does not refer to “doing nothing”. Lao Tse’s advice is to live life without anxiety. Wu Wei refers to acting according to the circumstances with a serene attitude and regardless of their outcomes.

In other words, Wu Wei is a practice of detachment. Let’s say you have a goal. Once you decide what you want, you begin taking actions toward your goal. However, your actions and thoughts are free from the anxiety of achieving it. You work toward your goal without excessive effort.

This may sound like a paradox. You may ask, “How can I achieve a goal with this principle of non-action?”

Let’s see an example. Most smokers who give themselves an ultimatum, have a lower probability to succeed. I-must-quit-or-else- attitude generates anxiety that sabotages their goal. It works better when smokers make a firm decision to quit but are relaxed about the outcome.

Lao Tse encouraged people to live their lives spontaneously. Instead of forcing the situations or getting upset and anxious when the circumstances don’t turn out as you wish, you can let it flow!

“Tao invariably takes no action, and yet nothing is left undone.  If the lords can keep to this, all things will transform with spontaneity.” Lao Tse

I Castrated My Husband!

tough

Woman: I’m afraid of my husband’s seven-year-old son. He is seeing a psychologist for Attention Deficit/Hyperacivity Disorder (ADHD) and for his violent and vulgar behaviour.

She caressed her round belly and added: “We are expecting our first child together, and I’m scared the boy would hurt my baby.

–Do you two live together?

Woman: No, I own two flats in the same building. I live in one of them on my own, and my husband and his son live in the other flat on the next floor.

The husband was listening and nodding with a gentle smile.

I asked the husband: Do you feel at home when you come downstairs to be with your wife?

Husband: No, because I prefer that we all live together but I don’t want her to get upset. I love her and want her to be happy.

I said to his wife: “It seems that you have sweetly castrated your husband!”

She smiled and after a pause she said: My previous marriage was a disaster.  My ex was dominant and agressive. I don’t want to go through that again. So, yes, I castrated my husband!”

–Do you really want to have a castrated man in your life?

Woman: No.

……

Often couples carry their past with them in the next relationship, and then, they complain that they are not fully happy.

Our problems become easier to handle when we let go of our past.